Hurricane Sandy was a memorable and disastrous storm that hit the Caribbean islands and the Mid-Atlantic States in October of 2012.It was the second costliest storm in U.S. history, after Hurricane Katrina.
On October 22, 2012 a tropical wave formed into a Tropical Storm within six hours in the western Caribbean Sea and moved slowly towards the Greater Antilles. Intensifying into a Hurricane, Sandy made landfall first near Kingston, Jamaica on October 24th and after reaching Category 2 hurricane status struck Cuba the next day. After killing 70 people in Haiti, Dominican Republic, Puerto Rico, Cuba and the Bahamas, Hurricane Sandy pointed north and moved towards the East Coast of the United States. Sandy eventually moved ashore near Atlantic City, New Jersey and New York City on October 29th as a post-tropical cyclone with hurricane force winds. All said and done Superstorm Sandy (as it was termed after it joined a cold-core low pressure system moving eastward at the same time) affected an astounding total of 25 U.S. states. Most of the damage occurred in the Mid-Atlantic States. Sandy even caused the formation of an intense snowstorm in the high altitude regions of West Virginia.
The Supreme Court, New York City Stock Exchange, Amtrak, and nearly all airports and railways near the East Coast were closed for two days; nearly 20,000 flights were canceled in all. The New York City Subway was still trying to repair the damage six weeks later. Total damage in the U.S. is estimated at over $63 billion.
IR Satellite images from GOES show clouds by measuring the infrared radiation emitted, which is directly proportional to the temperature. Bright white clouds are higher and colder whereas gray clouds are lower and warmer.